In this landscape, there are many specialized providers of connectivity for IoT devices and aggregated connectivity (MNOs) worldwide. Some companies provide connectivity through CMP (Connectivity Management Platform), which is a supplement to the company that provides the primary service of connectivity. IoT stakeholders looking for connectivity solutions can choose from more than 30 different connectivity options with different bandwidths, costs, reliability and network management capabilities. These include radio and chipset manufacturers, platform providers, device manufacturers and companies from various industries who buy IoT-enabled products for their own use or for sale to the public. Use cases for IoT are plentiful and deployment is growing rapidly, but the technology landscape can be overwhelming for newcomers.
IoT connectivity landscape is a term that defines connectivity points in the IoT ecosystem such as sensors, gateways, routers, application platforms and other systems. IoT solutions and connectivity technologies differ in their power consumption, bandwidth capacities and latency characteristics. They are defined as the connection between a physical device (e.g. Sensor) and the second point of an IoT system, whether it is an IoT sensor, gateway or IoT cloud platform, etc.
Given the inherent heterogeneity of the use cases in the Internet of Things, the sad truth is that no future protocol protocol will be able to accept all kinds of intelligent applications and granting them without compromise is a crucial IoT connectivity landscape factor. The ability to identify your project needs at every stage of the project deployment and a depth knowledge of your IoT solutions use cases will help you choose the most appropriate connectivity network for your smart business.
Here is an overview of some of the most popular connectivity solutions that apply to the Internet of Things to help identify the trade-offs that arise from popular networking technologies. Digital Oxygen, the key player in the existing mobile connectivity in the IoT industry, is building the first mobile IoT connectivity landscape. The focus of this landscape is on the mobile connectivity devices needed to connect your things to the Internet and the services needed to keep them connected.
The choice of connectivity technology is obvious for local and short-term applications, but the interface between the implementation platform and application level is vital. Depending on the scope of IoT deployment, 4G / 5G, Wi-Fi / Bluetooth and energy-saving BLE are suitable for applications that require high data rates. One of the most common problems with implementing IoT solutions and projects is the cost of connectivity in this scenario, as IoT devices are not positioned at one location and require global roaming.
The introduction of ESIMs and private mobile networks that are less dependent on network operators and innovative connectivity services providers will enable companies to own and manage their IoT networks and provide managed services such as network services and NAAs without access to a central platform. By giving businesses greater control over their IoT connectivity, SIMs and complete private networks, businesses will benefit for years from the full value of IoT applications. Cellular IoT capabilities can meet the simple requirements of massive IoT markets with specific sensitive requirements and complex environments and applications. The Internet of Things (IoT) offers new opportunities for innovation to solve problems and bring about global economic and environmental change. There are growing opportunities for businesses large and small to gain more control over their IoT connectivity, shift the power balance and build a disrupted IoT market. Stakeholders are betting that their IoT solutions and devices, applications and solutions will become obsolete when a connectivity option becomes dominant.
When it comes to connecting devices and networks, the technology landscape remains complex and fragmented as no single application is able to address all IoT use cases. Traditional consumer mobile technologies have expanded to 5G, and new cellular proprietary Low Power Wide Area Technologies (LPWA) are being developed for IoT applications. The growth of the Internet of Things (IoT) in recent years and its future market potential are impressive.
The sunset of older 2G and 3G mobile networks is upon us. This situation has brought about a significant change for many companies that use networks for IoT solutions and devices.
Ongoing broadband releases will further improve cellular IoT and advance connectivity options that serve more cellular IoT use cases in a network. However, 2G and 3G devices will no longer be connected to these networks and will no longer communicate.
Versions of Bluetooth 5 support network-based architectures that enable extended range indoor positioning systems and low-power industrial sensor networks. It is worth noting that mesh topologies are energy intensive and that network planning and configuration can be a huge deal when it comes to large-scale deployment of connected devices connected to IoT. Farms are wireless Internet of Things networks of connected smart devices that communicate with Internet sensors to transmit information about soil moisture and nutrients to agricultural experts throughout the country.
With its low latency and improved reliability, IoT supports mission-critical applications in industrial environments. Portable fitness equipment for humans and pets can monitor activity levels and provide feedback on heart rate and breathing. The Internet of Things, the network of connected smart devices communicating over the Internet, is an alarm system with batteries that can last a lifetime and provide homeowners long-term protection.
IoT startups with a special focus on IoT solutions and security account for 10% of all IoT startups founded in 2020. IoT software and data analysis is the largest segment with 37% of IoT start-ups in 2020.